Animal geographies have emphasised the moral and ethical obligations towards the inclusion of animals within urban community spaces. Jennifer Wolch’s (1998) theory of zoopolis makes a case for a multi-species city (i.e. not just people): one that strives for the inclusion of animals in the political sphere and indeed their citizenship rights within the nation states they inhabit.
there is an increasing literature on the possibility of a zoopolis: a polity in which animals – insofar as we can communicate with them – are taken seriously. Not just as moral patients, but as having interests and preferences. In which their thriving is of value in itself, and a cause of human thriving and pleasure