Viable system model

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a general model that he believed balanced centralized and decentralized forms of control in organizations.

Cybernetic Revolutionaries

A mixture of horizontal autonomy with channels for vertical communication and stabilisation.

It offered a balance between centralized and decentralized control that prevented both the tyranny of authoritarianism and the chaos of total freedom.

Cybernetic Revolutionaries

At first blush there feels like some overlap between the Viable System Model and Elinor Ostrom's Institutional Analysis and Development framework.

In that they both approach structures from a multi-level conceptual map, with units acting autonomously at each level but communicating between them. The polycentrism thing.

Would be interesting to compare and contrast them.

Stafford Beer.

He explains that System Three is concerned with the ‘inside and now’ of the organisation and System Four with the ‘outside and then’ ([1979] 1994). This mirrors how strategy is defined by scholars of organisation theory (for example, Carter et al., 2008),

Anarchist Cybernetics

System Five, where overarching goals and political strategy is developed, is something that ought to be rooted in everyone involved in the system.

Anarchist Cybernetics

1 Elsewhere

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