a general model that he believed balanced centralized and decentralized forms of control in organizations.
A mixture of horizontal autonomy with channels for vertical communication and stabilisation.
It offered a balance between centralized and decentralized control that prevented both the tyranny of authoritarianism and the chaos of total freedom.
At first blush there feels like some overlap between the Viable System Model and Elinor Ostrom's Institutional Analysis and Development framework.
In that they both approach structures from a multi-level conceptual map, with units acting autonomously at each level but communicating between them. The polycentrism thing.
Would be interesting to compare and contrast them.