a general model that he believed balanced centralized and decentralized forms of control in organizations.
A mixture of horizontal autonomy with channels for vertical communication and stabilisation.
It offered a balance between centralized and decentralized control that prevented both the tyranny of authoritarianism and the chaos of total freedom.
At first blush there feels like some overlap between the Viable System Model and Elinor Ostrom's Institutional Analysis and Development framework.
In that they both approach structures from a multi-level conceptual map, with units acting autonomously at each level but communicating between them. The polycentrism thing.
Would be interesting to compare and contrast them.
He explains that System Three is concerned with the ‘inside and now’ of the organisation and System Four with the ‘outside and then’ ( 1994). This mirrors how strategy is defined by scholars of organisation theory (for example, Carter et al., 2008),
System Five, where overarching goals and political strategy is developed, is something that ought to be rooted in everyone involved in the system.
The fourth level is where Gosplant would live, as it is where medium- and long-term plans are devised
As Medina notes, because daily management is affected by plans with a longer horizon, ‘Beer did not see System Four as the boss of System Three but rather as its partner in an ongoing conversation
Perhaps most importantly for us, Beer’s model exemplifies the promise of using control theory to organize an economy at multiple levels, without relying solely on optimization, and avoiding Soviet cybernetics’ tendency towards rigidity
Although Beer was not a Neurathian, much of his viable system model can be reconciled with in natura economics. This is because Beer’s model was designed to manage any complex system, whether the internal operations of a company or the co-ordination of an entire economy, and therefore could be based on natural units rather than money
1.1 In my garden
Notes that link to this note (AKA backlinks).
- Review of Half-Earth Socialism
- Olga Burmatova
- Why Does Agile Fail?
- Anarchist Cybernetics
- General Intellect Unit 038 - The Viable System Model
- Beyond the horizontal and the vertical
- Governable Stacks against Digital Colonialism
- Project Cybersyn
- Project Cybersyn
- Newsletter: June 2023
- synthesis of horizontalism and verticalism
- Half-Earth Socialism
- Fediverse governance
- Neither Vertical Nor Horizontal
- Decentralized planning
- Entropy and the Capitalist System with Robert Biel
- Relational ontology